Adams’ Rangers was a Loyalist independent company raised for the British Army during the American Revolutionary war. Led by Dr. Samuel Adams of Arlington the unit’s most significant contribution in the conflict was serving as part of the ill-fated Burgoyne Expedition of 1777.
The men of the unit were recruited primarily from the New Hampshire Grants area (now Vermont), with the largest number coming from Arlington. Adams later stated that he had raised 70 men for the company. Either late in the Burgoyne campaign or early 1778, Adams’ Company absorbed a body of men that served in the Bateaux service under Jeptha Hawley of Arlington.
Adams’ Rangers was part of the scouting service during the campaign. Very little has been recorded concerning the activities of the unit during the campaign, but Loyalist claims made by men of the company describe piloting the army, running dispatches between commanders, raiding cattle from rebel farms and defending loyalist farms from Patriot foraging parties.
==After Burgoyne Expedition==
After the British Army’s defeat and surrender at Saratoga, Adams’ Rangers and other Loyalist units were allowed to retreat to the Province of Quebec. For the next three years Adams’ men, like most other Loyalist troops in Canada, were occupied serving garrison duty and being employed in work parties improving the defences of the Province. Several of the men of the unit and their families lived at the Machiche refugee camp near Trois-Rivières, Quebec. In early 1778, the company numbered 37 all-ranks — by mid-1780 their number had reduced to 27.
Frustrated by lack of prospects and dispersement of his men around the Province, Captain Adams demanded to be allowed to join his Company to Roger’s Rangers (2nd Battalion King’s Rangers) or go to New York to serve in the Central department. When his demands were refused, Adams disbanded his men in late October 1780.
== After disbandment ==
Following the dissolution of the company, a few men from the company joined Roger’s Rangers, but a majority were absorbed into McAlpin’s Corps, a collection of under-strength Loyalist units. In November 1781 these units were consolidated into a new Provincial Regiment, the Loyal Rangers, commanded by Major Edward Jessup.
== Settlement ==
Following the war, a few of Adam’s men returned to the United States, some settled in Quebec around Sorel, but most were granted land in South-Eastern Ontario along the St Lawrence River. The largest concentration of former Adam’s Company men settled in Ernestown and Edwardsburg Townships.
== Company Officers ==
Dr. Samuel Adams of Arlington, Vermont
Jeptha Hawley of Arlington, Vermont
Simpson Jenne of Clarendon, Vermont
Gideon Adams of Arlington, Vermont