Reverend Samuel Phillips Payson (January 18, 1736 – January 11, 1801) was a Harvard graduate who ministered for the town of Chelsea, Massachusetts from 1757. The reverend, born in Walpole, was the son of Rev. Phillips Payson (1704–1778) and Anne Swift (1706–1756). Samuel married Elizabeth Stone (1735–1800), daughter of Rev. James Stone and Elizabeth Swift. The Payson family originated from Nazeing, England, first settling in the Massachusetts Bay Colony as early as 1635.