Samuel Shaw (December, 1768 – October 23, 1827) was an American politician. He served as a United States Representative from Vermont.
Shaw was born in Dighton, Massachusetts to John Shaw and Molly Hudson. He moved to Putney, Vermont at the age of ten, and received limited schooling as a youth. He moved to Castleton in 1789 and studied medicine for two years, and then commenced the practice of medicine in Castleton.
Shaw was elected to both the Vermont House of Representatives and the Vermont Senate in 1800. He chose to serve as a member of the Vermont House of Representatives, serving from 1800 until 1807, and was Presidential Elector from Vermont in 1804. He was elected as a Democratic-Republican candidate to the Tenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Witherell. He was reelected to the Eleventh and Twelfth Congresses and served from September 6, 1808, to March 3, 1813.
He served in the United States Army during the War of 1812 as a hospital surgeon from April 6, 1813, to June 15, 1815, when he was honorably discharged. He was reinstated on September 13, 1815; appointed post surgeon April 18, 1818, and resigned on December 31, 1818.
Shaw is not to be confused with the early whistleblower Samuel Shaw, who had been arrested by Esek Hopkins during the Revolutionary War. Representative Shaw would have been nine at the time of the incident.
Shaw married Sally Campbell in 1788. Shaw’s son Henry Shaw also served in the United States Congress as United States Representative from Massachusetts, serving from 1817 until 1821.
Shaw died on October 23, 1827 in Clarendon Springs. He is interred at Castleton Congregational Cemetery in Castleton, Vermont.