Seymour Burr – African Americans in the Revolution


Seymour Burr (1754/1762–1837) was an African-American slave in the Connecticut Colony in the North American British Colonies and United States. Owned by the brother of Colonel Aaron Burr, who was also named Seymour, he was known only as Seymour (sometimes spelled Seymore) until he escaped and used the surname Burr to enlist in the British Army in the early days of the American Revolution. The British promised the personal freedom of any African-American slave who enlisted or escaped to fight against the Continental Army, and Burr wanted more than anything to be free. However, he was quickly captured and forcibly returned to his owner.

His owner, fearing that Seymour would escape again, offered him a different bargain: if Seymour would pay his owner the enlistment bounty given to him by the British and serve instead in the Continental Army, he would be given his freedom at the end of his military service.

==Military service==

On the fifth of April 1781, Seymour enlisted in the Connecticut Seventh Regiment, led by Colonel John Brooks. He fought at Bunker Hill and Fort Catskill, and suffered through the long winter at Valley Forge.

==Freedom and Marriage==

After his service he was given his freedom. Then in 1805 he married a widow, Mary (Will) Wilbore{Cn|date=February 2014}, daughter of Nuff Will and Sarah Moho (Mohho), a Native American woman of the Ponkapoag tribe, and settled in what is now Canton, Massachusetts{Cn|date=February 2014}. In marrying her, he inherited the {convert|6|acre|m2} of land owned by her previous husband, Jacob Wilbor{Cn|date=February 2014}. He also collected a government pension for his military service{Cn|date=February 2014}. The couple had two daughters: Polly (Burr) Croud and Sally (Sarah){Cn|date=February 2014}. Both of his daughters died in Cambridge, Mass. Several descendants of Seymour Burr still live in Boston, Mass{Cn|date=February 2014}.


There is conflicting information regarding his birth. Some citations list him as born in Connecticut, possibly of mixed-race parentage, others claim he was born in Guinea, Africa, captured at age seven, and was possibly of royal birth. His enlistment documents list his age as both 20 and 28, which places his birth in either 1754 or 1762{Cn|date=February 2014}.


Seymour Burr died on February 17, 1837, and was buried in an unmarked grave in the Canton Corner, Canton, Mass., or at the graveyard at Burr Lane, Canton, Mass.