The King’s Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) was an infantry regiment of the line of the British Army. It served under various titles from 1680 to 1959. Its lineage is continued today by the Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment.
The regiment was raised on 13 July 1680, as the 2nd Tangier, or Earl of Plymouth’s Regiment of Foot. It saw service for nearly three centuries. In 1751, after various name changes, the regiment was titled the 4th (King’s Own) Regiment of Foot. The regiment retained this title until the Childers Reforms of 1881, when it became The King’s Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment). In 1921, it was re-designated The King’s Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster).
The regiment’s first battle honour was gained at Namur (1695) during the War of the Augsburg League, 1688-1697. Soon after, they saw action at Gibraltar in 1704-1705, Guadeloupe 1759, and St. Lucia 1778. In 1746, the regiment received most of the government casualties at the Battle of Culloden.
During the Napoleonic Wars, the regiment fought at Corunna, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, San Sebastian, Nive, Bladensburg, and Waterloo.
During the Crimean War, the regiment fought at Alma, Inkerman, and Sevastopol. It also saw action in Abyssinia in 1868, South Africa in 1879 and from 1899 to 1902, where it took part in the Relief of Ladysmith.
The regiment also saw colonial service in Australia from 1832 until 1837, being stationed variously at Tasmania, Sydney, Victoria, South Australia, and the Swan River Colony under the command of Lieut. Colonel J. K. McKenzie.
===World War I===
The following battalions of the King’s Own served during World War I
Special Reserve (formerly Militia)
Territorial Force (TF)
===World War II===
The following battalions served during World War II:
The regiment received the freedom of Lancaster in 1953, before being amalgamated with The Border Regiment into The King’s Own Royal Border Regiment on 31 October 1959. In 1953 and 1954, the 1st Battalion of the regiment was stationed in South Korea following the Korean War.
The following members of the regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross:
==King’s Own Royal Regiment Museum==
The King’s Own Royal Regiment Museum is part of the Lancaster City Museum in Lancaster, Lancashire. Opened in 1929, the exhibits include regimental uniforms, medals, regalia, silver, paintings, medals, weapons and other memorabilia reflecting the regiment’s history since 1680 to 1960.