Thomas Hawkins Hanson, Sr. (1750–1810) was a planter from Maryland. He was born in Maryland to Samuel and Anne Hanson. Hanson served as a captain in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He married a widow, Rebecca (Dulaney) Addison, and the couple lived at Oxon Hill Manor in Prince George’s County, Maryland.
Hanson was a nephew of John Hanson, a Maryland planter and public official who served as President of the Continental Congress. John Hanson died at Oxon Hill Manor during a visit there in 1783.